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Cannabis Nutrients 101: Maximizing Growth and Yield

When it comes to the cultivation process, cannabis nutrients play a very crucial role in the results that you will obtain. That’s simply cannabis 101, as plant nutrients need to be administered in the proper manner in order to maximize the size and vibrancy of your yield. There are three primary nutrients that are utilized during the cultivation process and each of their presences is not negotiable.

Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the essential nutrients that are needed during cultivation. Of course, there is a wide range of nutrients available and they will all have different effects on the process. That’s why it is pivotal for potential cultivators to educate themselves before getting started. For example, nitrogen is the required nutrient for foliage development and protein production.

Phosphorus is critical in the development of seeds, roots and flowers. and seed development. Potassium is a requirement of overall plant health and aids in water absorption. In order to learn everything that you need to know, this guide is here to serve as a helpful stepping stone. We are here to help you find the highest-quality nutrients for your cultivation process.

At Reiziger, this is our specialty. We are committed to helping cannabis growers perfect their craft. Be sure to read on and learn more about how you can utilize the proper nutrients to get the most out of your next yield.

Understanding the Importance of Cannabis Nutrients

As mentioned above, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are the most crucial nutrients that have to be used during the cultivation process. Each of the three nutrients will be used in higher concentrations, while the actual levels will vary, depending on which stage of development is taking place. There are certain rules of thumb that need to be followed as well.

Bear in mind that a high nitrogen concentration and a lower level concentration of potassium and phosphorus are needed during vegetation. Once the flowering process begins, higher phosphorus and potassium levels are required, while the nitrogen level is decreased to a lower level. These three nutrients serve as the cornerstone of any healthy cannabis plant.

There are some key differences between cannabis plants and other types of plants that need to be discussed before we can proceed. Do not make the mistake of assuming that similar practices from other plant cultivation processes can be used. Every choice that you make will have a marked impact on nutrient needs, including genetics, growing environment, and cultivation methods.

Today’s cannabis cultivators now have access to all sorts of genetic information that it makes easier to decide on which nutrients are needed most. The genetic markers allow a cultivator to utilize a DNA analysis so that they can screen the seeds they are using for sought-after qualities and align their growth process with the proper nutrients.

This cuts down on the amount of time needed and gives the cultivator the ability to sidestep a number of potential pitfalls that are more evident in a lengthier growth process. Meanwhile, the growth environment also has to be considered. While cannabis plants will still require the same essential building blocks whether they are being grown indoors or outdoors, there are some distinctions that must be made as far as nutrients are concerned.

If soil is not being used, the grower has the option of relying on a pre-formed mix or they can create their customized solutions. This offers a greater level of control than outdoor growing can provide. mediums, growers can use pre-formulated nutrient mixes or create their own custom solutions. This affords a level of control that is not possible in outdoor growing.

When the cultivator is using a hydroponic or semi-hydroponic system, the nutrient solutions will recirculate, which allows for a greater level of efficiency. It is also easier to monitor pH and nutrient levels. allowing for efficient nutrient use and easier monitoring of pH and nutrient levels. On the other hand, outdoor growers must be certain that they are selecting the nutrients that are best aligned with soil-based growth.

Each nutrient company also creates a different formula for every stage of the process, which is also crucial knowledge for outdoor cultivators. Make sure that the right nutrients are being chosen for the stage you are in, as well as the growing medium.

The Core Nutrients for Cannabis Growth

The macronutrients are known as N-P-K, referring to the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium that are used during this process. Each of these nutrients plays its own role in the growth of healthy cannabis plants. Nitrogen is most closely associated with leaf and stem growth. Phosphorus is crucial for root development and flowering, while potassium enhances disease resistance and the overall health of the plant.

The NPK base nutrients will have to be applied in different ratios throughout the plant’s life cycle, which bears mentioning. During the seedling stage, there is nothing that needs to be done. The vegetative stage is a different story. The preferred NPK ratio during this stage is 3:1:1. That does not mean that the plant should be fed with a fertilizer that has this ratio, though.

The majority of soils that you are going to find are already rich in nitrogen. There will be enough present for the plant to make it through its first month of vegetative growth. For best results, the nutrient solution has to be reconfigured based on the substrate’s current NPK ratio. It is always better to have a slight nutrient deficiency instead of too much, so remain cautious.

If the soil is good, a fertilizer that provides a 1:1:1 ratio will work well. As the flowering stage begins, the requirements shift. The preferred NPK ratio is 1:3:2 during early and mid bloom. During the late flowering, the ratio becomes 0:3:3. Phosphorus and potassium are responsible for the buds’ quantity and size. The primary objective at this time is the increase of these nutrients while tapering off the nitrogen.

Using too much nitrogen late in the blooming process will spoil the plant. The buds will have a harsh taste and not smoke as smoothly. Do not use any nitrogen at all during the final 20 to 30 days.

Micronutrients: Ensuring a Complete Diet

Magnesium, calcium and sulfur are the most crucial micronutrients. Boron, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, and molybdenum are also pivotal in ensuring a complete diet for each plant. Each of the listed nutrients plays a very specific role as well. Lesser amounts are needed, as the grower should continue to err on the side of caution.

Calcium will assist in the transporting of various other nutrients, aiding in faster absorption. Magnesium is one of chlorophyll’s critical elements. Sulfur will aid in chlorophyll’s transfer, also assisting with plant transpiration and metabolism. Boron assists with the growth and development of root tips while helping to absorb Ca and transport necessary plant sugars. Manganese is a key aspect of chlorophyll production and helps with enzyme interactions and photosynthesis process.

Zinc will aid in stem, leaf and branch development. More mature plants will require higher amounts of zinc. Copper is instrumental in protein development and helps to strengthen branches and stems. Iron is pivotal when it comes to chlorophyll production, keeping the leaves from yellowing between the veins. Molybdenum is helpful for processing nitrogen.

Vegetative Stage Nutrient Requirements

During the vegetative stage, the importance of vigorous plant growth and strong root development. That’s why it is important to adhere to Reiziger’s recommended nutrient regimen for this stage. The nutrients that are used will depend on the week of the stage and type of soil that is used. If the cannabis is being grown in a hydroponic setup, nutrient requirements are the same for the first three weeks.

6 to 14 ml of grow food A&B, 5 ml of root booster and 25 ml of grow booster are used for three weeks. In the final week, the amount of grow food A&B will go up to 8 to 16 ml, while the other amounts remain the same. If peat mix is being used, the amount of root booster and grow booster remain the same during the first weeks, while the grow food A&B amount will range between 4 to 12 ml.

During the final week of the vegetative stage, that amount increases to 6 to 14 ml. For coco users, the nutrient regimen is the same as it would be for a hydroponic setup.

Flowering Stage Nutrient Requirements

Once this stage has arrived, nutrient ratios must be adjusted so that resin development and flower production are fully supported. It is important to make these adjustments throughout each stage of the process, so that yield and growth are maximized. For hydroponic setups, the root booster and grow booster amounts remain the same throughout the eight-week flowering stage.

25 ml of root booster and grow booster is applied during these eight weeks. The bloom food A&B is what changes, starting at 15 to 25 ml for the first two weeks. During weeks 3 to 5, this number rises to 20 to 30 ml before decreasing to 10 to 20 mil for weeks 6 and 7 and 5 to 14 ml for the final week. As for peat mix, the root and grow booster amounts remain at 25 ml for all eight weeks.

The bloom food A&B amount starts at 10 to 20 ml for the first two weeks before rising to 15 to 25 ml for the next three weeks. During weeks 6 and 7, the amount decreases back to 10 to 20 ml and only 5 to 14 is required during the final week. The coco coir requirements are much like peat and hydroponic from a root booster and grow booster standpoint, as 25 ml will be required for all eight weeks.

As for bloom food A&B, this is where changes will be made. For coco, 12 to 23 ml is required for the first two weeks. 20 to 30 ml is needed for the third and fourth weeks, while 22 to 34 ml will be used during week 5. That number decreases to 10 to 20 mil for weeks 6 and 7 and 5 to 14 ml during the final week of the vegetative stage.

Implementing a Successful Nutrient Feeding Routine

At each stage of the plant’s life, different requirements will be put into place. It helps for a cultivator to understand the basics before they get started. During the initial growth period, higher amounts of nitrogen are required. Less nitrogen is needed as the process goes along but you will be increasing the amounts of phosphorus and potassium that are used.

The nutrient-feeding routine will also vary depending on the methods of nutrient application, as discussed above. This is not a one size fits all process. You will need to follow the proper instructions for hydroponic, soil or coco coir based growth. There are other factors that will influence cannabis plant nutrient uptake as well.

The temperature in an outdoor or indoor setting must be discussed. The higher the temperature, the faster nutrient uptake will take place. In colder settings, this process slows down significantly. Nutrient transport will become slower as well. pH imbalances must also be addressed immediately, as they are another common factor as far as nutrient deficiencies are concerned.

A slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6 or 7 is preferred but in a soil-less or hydroponic setting, a pH level of 5.5 to 6.5 is best. In addition to deficiencies, nutrient lockout and nutrient burn can take place with improper balance. It is important to note that EC levels also tell a crucial story about plant nutrient levels that cultivators must listen to.

If the EC levels are too high, this means that too many nutrients are being applied and the plants are not retaining them. Low levels indicate a deficiency. Each of these mistakes can cause salt toxicity to take place, which leads to leaf burn.

While most cannabis plants tend to be very resilient, that does not mean that they can simply be left to their own devices. Regular solution nutrient testing must take place so that the cultivator can make the necessary adjustments. While it is best to err on the side of caution and remain deficient when it comes to nutrients, these deficiencies cannot become too exaggerated. Let’s take a closer look at how to identify and address them.

Recognizing and Addressing Nutrient Imbalances

For example, a phosphorus deficiency becomes evident leaves start to yellow and fall off the plant. Leaves may also turn purple and struggle to grow. Buds will become smaller and fail to develop properly. The plant is more susceptible to diseases and pests, which necessitates regulation of the pH level. It must be restored to the 5.5 to 6.5 range in these instances, while micronutrients must be administered in smaller amounts because nutrient lockout could be to blame when there is too much excess.

Potassium shows similar signs. When a deficiency is taking place, leaves will yellow, plants are weakened, buds are smaller and the final yield is reduced. If other nutrients are not being absorbed, this is a sign of excess. To avoid these problems, a balanced hybrid strain should be selected to avoid deficiency in the first place. In excess scenarios, the roots may need to be flushed to remove the salts.

Nitrogen deficiencies also cause yellowed leaves to turn brown and fall off. The plant may also take on a lime or pale coloration. This is a sign that the plant needs more nutrients, especially nitrogen. Meanwhile, cannabis plants that are receiving an excess amount of nitrogen will start to darken. This is a simple enough fix, as the cultivator can cut back on nitrogen. For deficiencies, supplement the nutrients that are being provided accordingly.

Exploring Reiziger’s Premium Nutrient Solutions

Reiziger provides coco coir, peat and expanded clay substrates, allowing the cultivator to select the option that works best for their specific needs. The same goes for the booster collection, which includes root, grow bloom, and bud options. Cultivators who choose Reiziger products are gaining access to no shortage of helpful benefits, as this company is highly dedicated to providing a high-quality experience for all those who choose them.

Cannabis growers will always thrive when they choose this company because all of the solutions that are offered have been tailored to their specific needs. After all, the cultivation of cannabis is not a one size fits all proposition. These solutions are of the highest quality and provide numerous advantages. Using Reiziger products will increase yields, keep pests and disease at bay and keep the plant from experiencing untimely nutrient lockouts during the cultivation process.

That’s because the nutrient formulation that Reiziger provides are designed specifically to assist cannabis cultivation. With Reiziger, not only will plants experience robust growth and higher yields, but the terpene and cannabinoid profiles are also greatly enhanced.

Final Thoughts

The cannabis nutrients discussed in this guide are all essential, from the macronutrients to the micronutrients. If they are not applied properly, successful cultivation is not going to take place. This refers to deficiencies and excesses. By taking the proper steps, a cultivator ensures a robust yield that is at the higher end of their expectations.

Without proper nutrient management, cannabis cultivation will not be successful. Plants will wither and die and become more susceptible to diseases and pests. If cultivation is able to be completed, the plant will not provide the big, beautiful buds that a grower desires. That’s why it is crucial for a grower to develop a strong level of understanding when it comes to nutrient science.

The more that is learned about this topic, the better the yields and quality will be. No one is going to become an expert overnight, though. It is an ongoing learning process but before long, you will have mastered nutrient application and be able to enjoy the best cannabis crops possible. The process becomes even easier with the good folks at Reiziger by your side.

Reiziger has an unshakable commitment to providing top-quality nutrients to cannabis growers. All Reiziger products are specifically designed to assist cultivators from all backgrounds and help them to accomplish any objective that they have met. Visit a location near you and get your premium nutrients to truly be able to “Perfect Your Craft”!

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Perfecting Your Craft: How to Keep Your Cannabis Plants Healthy | Reiziger

In an era where the art of cannabis cultivation is experiencing an unprecedented surge of interest and exploration, the pivotal role of ensuring the vitality and well-being of your cannabis plants cannot be overstated. Within the scope of this comprehensive guide, we embark on an intricate journey that dissects the underlying scientific intricacies essential for maintaining the robust health of your cannabis plants. Guided by the clarion call “Perfect Your Craft,” we delve into each pivotal step, empowering you to cultivate cannabis plants that thrive with vibrancy, potency, and resilience.

  1. Choosing the Right Strain

Embarking on the path of cultivating healthy cannabis plants begins with a critical decision: the selection of the most suitable strain. Each strain possesses a unique genetic profile and growth characteristics, thus establishing a symbiotic relationship between the plant and its environment. With the meticulous care and dedication inherent in the Reiziger philosophy, match the nuances of each strain to the specific conditions of your cultivation environment, harnessing the scientific essence behind this selection process.

  1. Providing Optimal Growing Conditions

The canvas upon which the botanical masterpiece unfolds is the cultivation environment itself. Whether nestled indoors or basking in the embrace of the outdoors, the dynamic interplay of temperature, humidity, ventilation, and light plays a decisive role in the outcome. The scientific orchestration of these factors becomes the hallmark of your journey, crafting an environment that propels your cannabis plants toward their peak expression. Upholding the ethos of Reiziger, meticulous attention to the cultivation environment becomes a testament to your commitment to perfecting the craft.

  1. Quality Soil and Nutrients

Beneath the surface, concealed within the labyrinthine network of soil, lies the very bedrock of botanical prosperity. Soil quality transcends its role as a mere medium; it metamorphoses into a repository of sustenance. The alchemical fusion of organic matter and inorganic compounds is a careful symphony, harmonizing nutrients and fostering growth. Within the triad of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium lies the cornerstone of this botanical nutritional symposium, each element calibrated with precision to propel the plant toward exuberant growth.

  1. Watering Techniques

Water—a life-giving elixir—embodies a dual nature within the realm of cannabis cultivation. It holds the power to either nurture or sabotage your efforts. The tightrope of adequate hydration versus root-drowning moisture hinges on the scientific principles of equilibrium and osmotic potential. As you traverse this precarious line, cognizant of pH levels that orchestrate nutrient uptake, the mandate of “Perfect Your Craft” resonates in every droplet meticulously administered. In these moments, your devotion to scientific nuance shines through.

  1. Pest and Disease Management

In the grand symphony of botanical guardianship, pests and diseases emerge as persistent adversaries. Vigilance is your armor, bolstered by a comprehensive scientific strategy known as Integrated Pest Management (IPM). In this balletic fusion of prevention and intervention, scientific prowess guides your actions. By embracing Reiziger’s mantra, you navigate this delicate balance—fusing science and diligence to sculpt an ecosystem resilient to threats.

  1. Pruning and Training

Pruning and training mark the juncture where cultivation transcends into horticultural artistry. Every snip and bend is underpinned by botanical physiology, each maneuver a scientific response to optimize light exposure and air circulation. With hands skilled in the language of science, you choreograph growth patterns that elevate yields and encourage uniformity. “Perfect Your Craft” echoes in each nuanced cut, a testament to your dedication.

  1. Monitoring and Adjusting

The botanical caretaker assumes the mantle of vigilant observer and precise adjuster. Leaves, akin to pages of a book, unfold narratives of nutrient imbalances, growth anomalies, and environmental discord. Scientific prowess deciphers these tales, driving calibration of nutrients and conditions. The evolution of your cannabis plants becomes a living testament to the embodiment of “Perfect Your Craft” as a living philosophy.

  1. Flowering and Harvesting

The transition to flowering marks a pivotal phase, a convergence of genetic predisposition and light cycles. The mastery lies in observing trichome development, a delicate scientific pursuit that culminates in pinpointing the zenith of cannabinoid and terpene potency. As you sever the connection during harvest, the culmination of art and science is palpable, echoing Reiziger’s credo to perfect the craft.

  1. Drying and Curing

The narrative persists beyond harvest, unveiling the epoch of drying and curing. This chapter, a testament to meticulous manipulation of humidity, temperature, and airflow, is a testament to the preservation of flavor and aroma. It’s here that science meets patience, forming the essence of cannabis refinement—anchored in Reiziger’s call to perfect the craft.

  1. Storing and Enjoying Your Harvest

The ultimate crescendo arrives with storage, a phase often underestimated in significance. Darkness, temperature, and humidity merge in this harmonious triad to preserve the bouquet and potency of your harvest. As you savor the culmination of your journey, Reiziger’s guiding principle resonates anew. Each inhalation and sensation embody “Perfect Your Craft,” the distilled essence of your cultivation mastery.

Take Away

Within the realm of cannabis cultivation, where artistry and science converge, the rallying cry of “Perfect Your Craft” pulsates as the heart of your journey. With each scientific stride, you reinforce your dedication to nurturing cannabis plants that stand as verdant testimonials to your unwavering commitment. The exploration of strains, the orchestration of soil and nutrients, and the honing of techniques—all coalesce within the symphony of cultivation mastery. In this symphonic opus, Reiziger’s ethos resonates, urging you to elevate your craft to a pinnacle where science and art intertwine.

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Reiziger’s Hydroponic Craftsmanship FAQs

Since its inception in 1984, Reiziger has been the beacon for hydroponic artisans. Drawing inspiration from the legendary Seed Bank of Holland’s secret recipes, Reiziger stands as the epitome of hydroponic nutrition and boosters. Curious about our offerings? Delve into our FAQ section, where we address your most pressing queries.

To ensure your hydroponic garden thrives with abundant floral clusters during the budding and flowering stages, the right balance of phosphorus and potassium in a bloom booster is crucial. These elements, pivotal during the flowering phase, can be rapidly consumed by plants. By understanding their roles and ensuring their adequate supply, you can significantly enhance your harvest.
Different manufacturers offer specialized fertilisers, including phosphorus and potassium (PK) bloom boosters, tailored for the fruiting and flowering stages. As plants transition through growth phases, the nutrient ratios they require change. Ensuring the right balance, especially during the flowering phase, is essential for optimal growth and yield.
While each brand has its unique formulation, it's essential to remain consistent with a single brand to avoid imbalances. Choose for low nitrogen formulations rich in potassium and phosphorus. Remember, the quality and duration of application matter. For peak performance, consider the tried-and-tested PK 10/8 ratio, a zero-nitrogen booster from Reiziger used by Dutch experts for decades.
The optimal time to introduce phosphorus and potassium bloom boosters is during the third stage of the generative phase, roughly three to four weeks before harvest. Overuse of PK boosters can disrupt nutrient balance, reducing Calcium and Magnesium availability. Maintaining this balance in the flowering phase is vital for optimal essential oil and terpene production.
Reiziger nutrients are designed with separate A&B components to cater to plants' diverse needs at different growth stages. These components, when in their concentrated forms, can counteract each other, hence the need for separate mixing.
To prevent unwanted growth in your reservoir, keep it covered, maintain optimal temperatures, and clean it regularly between crops and growth stages.
For blooms that truly stand out in size and brilliance, trust in Reiziger's legacy. Particularly, our products rich in phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), such as Reiziger Bloom Minerals. Bud Booster isn't just another flowering enhancer. It's a masterclass in nutrient formulation, revered by elite cannabis craftsmen. Every component, from the natural growth hormones to the meticulously balanced micronutrients, is designed to optimize your hydroponic system. Infused with organic flowering regulators, it ensures each bloom reaches its full, uniform potential. Reiziger Grow Booster, a testament to Dutch craftsmanship, is tailored for medicinal cannabis. This powerful, natural mixture rejuvenates plants, amplifying their vigour and yield. It's not just us saying it; many Dutch growers champion its unparalleled results, with some heralding it as transformative.
Even if plants haven't consumed all the nutrients, the solution can degrade over time due to factors like temperature, light, and microbial activity. As a rule of thumb, many hydroponic growers change their nutrient solution every 1-2 weeks, but this can vary based on the specific system and conditions.
Maintaining the right temperature for your nutrient solution is essential not only for plant health but also to prevent the proliferation of harmful pathogens. Ideally, your reservoir temperature should be kept between 65-70°F (18-21°C). If maintaining this range proves challenging, it's advisable to change the solution more frequently to ensure plant safety. For your grow room, aim for temperatures of 70-84°F (21-29°C) during the day and a cooler 68-71°F (20-22°C) at night for optimal plant growth and development.
Chlorine evaporates upon exposure, ensuring that by the time the nutrient solution reaches the roots, it's chlorine-free.
Experience the craftsman's touch with Reiziger Coco Coir Pith. Designed for simplicity, pour directly into your pot, eliminating the need for additives or rinsing. Its refined texture ensures the perfect balance for thriving plants and superior yields. But the true hallmark of Reiziger? The RHP seal. Rooted in Dutch tradition, this seal is our pledge to: - Deliver unmatched growth and flowering. - Ensure absolute purity, free from contaminants. - Uphold rigorous quality standards. Validated by the independent European inspection, ECAS, the RHP seal is a testament to over half a century of Dutch excellence in potting blends. For the discerning grower, RHP-certified coco coir is the clear choice. Elevate your garden with the best: Choose RHP.
Foliar feeding is a method of delivering nutrients directly to your plants through their leaves. When using Reiziger Bud Booster for foliar feeding, you're providing your plants with a potent blend of nutrients that can enhance their flowering presence. Procedure for Foliar Spray with Reiziger Bud Booster: 1. Preparation: Begin by filling a container with demineralised (RO) water. Aim for about 0.5-0.6L per m² of plant canopy. Adjust the quantity based on plant needs and growing conditions. 2. Mixing: Add the required amount of Reiziger Bud Booster to the water and stir until uniformly mixed. The organic contents in the Bud Booster can settle over time, so ensure you shake it well before use. There's no need to adjust the pH. 3. Initial Watering: Before spraying, saturate the growing medium with your regular nutrient solution. This step is crucial as it prevents the plant from absorbing excessive Bud Booster, which could lead to leaf burn. 4. Temperature Control: Lower the ambient temperature to around 72°F (22°C) and use dehumidifiers to maintain a humidity level of 55-65%. This helps in preventing mold and mildew issues. 5. Spraying: Mist the underside of the leaves to ensure total coverage but avoid excessive runoff. Then, spray over the top for complete saturation of all plant foliage. After spraying, allow around 3-4 hours for drying before turning on high intensity grow lights. By following this procedure, you ensure that your plants receive a direct boost of essential nutrients, enhancing their growth and flowering potential. The Reiziger Bud Booster is specially formulated to provide optimal results when used as a foliar feed, making it a top choice for cannabis craftsmen.
Reiziger nutrients and additives are marked with a specific batch code on the back of the bottle or can. This batch code helps track the production details and ensures consistent quality across our products. While Reiziger guarantees the product's optimal quality and efficacy when stored correctly and handled with care, we don't use assurance dates. Even if stored for an extended period, our products will never become harmful to plants. However, depending on storage conditions and the active ingredients, their effectiveness might vary over time. Product Shelf life in years Reiziger Coco Food A 3 Reiziger Coco Food B 3 Reiziger Root Booster 3 Reiziger Bloom Minerals 5 Reiziger Grow Booster 3 Reiziger Bud Booster 3
Reiziger's mineral-organic formula is designed for versatility, ensuring a 100% solubility rate and smooth flow without sediment or scale. It's compatible with all fertigation systems, from advanced setups like Dosatron to traditional hand watering, guaranteeing consistent nutrient delivery and clean lines without clogs or interruptions. Trust Reiziger for a seamless fertigation experience.
Reiziger understands the craftsman's pursuit of simplicity and efficiency. With our trio of essentials - Root Booster, Grow Booster, and Bloom Minerals (PK) - you're equipped with a streamlined approach to cultivation. These formulations are not just versatile; they're all you need. Minimize clutter, maximize results. With Reiziger, achieve outstanding growth with just the essentials.

Conclusion

Our FAQ section is a testament to Reiziger’s commitment to empowering hydroponic craftsmen with knowledge. As the landscape of hydroponics evolves, so will our repository of answers. 

For any lingering questions or personalized assistance, our dedicated support team is at your beck and call. Dive deeper into our world of hydroponic expertise on our FAQ page. Your journey to hydroponic mastery, illuminated by Reiziger.

Head to our FAQ page to learn more! 

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History of Hydroponics

The history of hydroponics is like a giant tree with its roots anchored deep in antiquity. A rich history that spans from the formation of the seas, rivers and lakes to China, Arabia and Greek Aristotle. From Babylon to the USA to ancient Egypt and the Aztecs.

Growing plants in water without soil is an amazing thing. It is an agricultural technology known today as hydroponics. Hydroponic cultivation systems are very hip and are likely to become even more so. You can grow in a small box at home or in a large commercial glasshouse. Most of the fruit and vegetables we eat today are grown hydroponically.

Precise control delivers higher yields where the correct mineral nutrients are used. With the current complexity of measuring equipment and technological advancements in the industry, the outlook of hydroponics appears bright. Hydroponic practices have even been utilised to provide astronauts with garden-fresh food during space missions to Mars.

The word hydroponics comes from the Greek words hydro (water) and ponos (to work) and literally means ‘water work’. The first hydroponic systems originate from ancient times. In fact, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the world and the floating gardens of the Aztecs in Mexico are largely believed to have used hydroponic principles. Thanks to the continuous flooding it was possible to cultivate food the whole year round.

The basis for modern hydroponic systems and nutrient solutions took place after the experiments performed during 1860-1895 by studious German scientists Julius Von Sachs and W. Knopp in the search for the proportions of nutrients vital to plants.  W. Knopp is known as the “father of water culture” and the discoveries of Von Sachs marked the beginning of “Nutriculture”.

The first successful commercial hydroponic systems were developed in the 1930s by Dr. William Frederick Gericke, an agronomist and teacher of plant nutrition at the University of California at Berkeley in the USA. One of the first commercial uses of hydroponics occurred during the Second World War when these systems were adapted to provide American troops with fresh crops.

Hydroponic Scandal

William Gericke is accredited with providing hydroponics its name, but his work is often clouded with scandal. Though his hydroponic research was done while employed at UC Berkeley, he declared that his work on the theory was completed in his own time. Gericke refused to share any of his findings or research and departed the university prior to publishing his famous work on the subject, “Complete Guide to Soil-Less Gardening.” Two other Berkeley scientists, Dennis Hoagland and Daniel Arnon were given the job of expanding upon Gericke’s research. In 1938, they published “The Water Culture Method for Growing Plants without Soil,” which is widely considered to be one of the most important texts ever published about modern hydroponics. Several of the nutrient solutions they developed are currently in use today. [source: Time Magazine].

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Controlling Pests in Your Hydroponic Garden

One of the many benefits of hydroponic gardening is that you’ll likely experience fewer pests and diseases. When growing indoors in a closed system, growers can take more control of the environment, but this doesn’t mean your plants will be totally
immune to those tiny invaders.

Where there are luscious green plants, you can be sure there are pests waiting to make a home! If they do find their way into your setup, unfortunately they will lack the natural competition that exists in a regular garden, meaning a small pest problem may turn into a major issue if left unattended.

Here are 6 common pests you may come across during your hydroponic journey, and our advice on what to do about them.

Aphids

Aphids are resourceful little critters – they can be born pregnant, and don’t need a
male to reproduce, meaning that a colony can start from a single insect. Once the
colony has grown, they will start to produce flying aphids in order to find new host
plants, which is how they may find their way into your hydroponic setup.

An aphid infestation can be deadly to your plants. They can spread viral plant
diseases and suck sap causing your plant to wilt, whilst attracting sugar-loving ants.
Plants that are overfed with high nitrogen synthetic fertilisers are particularly
susceptible to aphids.

While their rapid reproduction rate makes them hard to get rid of, they have soft
bodies and are easily squashed or killed with insecticidal soap, and you can even
use live ladybugs to devour the aphids.

Spider Mites

True to their name, Spider Mites produce fine webs which they use for protection
and to travel from leaf to leaf.
Make sure you tackle spider mites quickly and isolate any infected plants, as they
develop large colonies very quickly. They will suck juice from your plants, leaving
weak, speckled leaves.

Spider mites prefer dry environments, so a highly humid grow room should keep
them at bay.
Attack spider mites with neem every few days and keep a close eye on your plants for any sign of return. Wettable Sulphur is also very effective for preventative measures and larger infestations.

Whiteflies

These minuscule white insects will suck the life out of your plant, while producing a
fluid that can breed mould. In fact, the mould may be the first sign you notice.
You can attack these insects using chemical-free methods like sticky traps, neem oil
and releasing parasitic wasps that feed on whitefly nymphs, while raking the small
eggs from leaves.

Thrips

You are more likely to notice the damage thrips have caused before you spot these
tiny, fast insects. They cause older leaves to appear silver and scaley, and new
leaves and fruit to grow distorted.
You can tackle thrips by spraying with pyrethrum or neem and cutting off a stage of
their life cycle by blocking the roots with plastic. You can also scrape off the small
white eggs and crush them.

Mealy Bugs

The small, white and “furry” looking insect will make a permanent home of its chosen
plant and suck the life out of it.
Their hard shell makes them difficult to kill with insecticides, so its best to attack the
younger generations without this defence. A slow yet effective method to get rid of
mealy bugs is to swab the adults with alcohol, and attack the younger insects with
pyrethrum, whilst being sure not to overwater or over fertilise.

Fungus Gnats

Fungus gnats look a lot like whiteflies, and while the adults won’t damage your
plants, the maggot-like larvae will destroy your roots and your plant will quickly
display signs of nutrient deficiencies. Once they have infested the roots, it is unlikely
that you will be able to save your plant.

Fungus Gnats are attracted to algae and dead matter, so using alga-killing treatment
and removing old plant material will help. You can use sticky traps, neem oil,
insecticidal soap, and pyrethrin to attack the adults. Low dilution hydrogen peroxide
can also work, but make sure you’ve done your research as this can burn your
plants.

Remember, prevention is always the best cure, and it’s important to practice healthy
propagation hygiene when it comes to your hydroponic setup. Avoid bringing in tools
from your outdoor garden, as these can introduce pests and their eggs into the
environment.

Make sure all possible entry points are covered and
protect vents with insect proof netting. Once you do notice a pest infestation, the key is to tackle it immediately. Insects
reproduce quickly and by the hundreds, so you may find yourself with serious problem sooner than you think.

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How Hydroponic Farms Benefit the Environment and Humanity

When using traditional growing methods, an acre of land can equal an acre of
vegetables. With hydroponics, depending on how high you’re willing to go, an acre of
land can grow as many vegetables as you’d like.

Hydroponic gardening is fast becoming a priority for environmentally conscious
people and companies, and it’s not hard to see why – it’s estimated that the food we
eat contributes to almost a third of our global carbon footprint.

With the current trends of agricultural food production and consumption impacting
our environment so extensively, many people are looking for alternative ways to
grow and source their food.

While the initial setup costs can be high, the rewards on a personal and global level
are endless. Here are five of the biggest benefits of hydroponic growing for the
environment and humanity.

Reduced Fossil Fuels

When fruits and vegetables are out of season in a country, those items will be
sourced from across the globe, with food often travelling thousands of miles to arrive
on a plate. Airplane, cruise and truck travel contribute significantly to fossil fuels, and
it is becoming increasingly necessary to reevaluate how we produce and distribute
our food on a mass scale.

Hydroponics remove that need to source food from other countries, allowing you to
create your own mini environment and controlled climate as well as a smarter way of
distributing food. If gardens can be grown in the middle of a city, there is less need
for food to travel the long distance to your table.

Less Need for Pesticides

While no garden is completely safe from pests, the controlled soilless environments
of hydroponics makes them less of a risk. With so many harmful pesticides available
on the market, less pesticides are a win for human health and the environment.

With controlled growing environments, growers can get more innovative with their
control of pests, like introducing natural predators or toxin free plant nutrients into the
setup. This means less chemicals are ending up in our plants, food and waterways.

Increased Water Conservation

Traditional agriculture accounts for around 70% of the world’s water use, and much
of that can be lost in the soil. Despite relying on water-based solutions instead of
soil, hydroponics can use less water when compared to regular farming!

More Resourceful Farming Practices

The beauty of hydroponics is that you are not at the mercy of your environment,
meaning areas with little access to natural resources can still grow fresh food.
Hydroponics doesn’t discriminate by region – as long as you set it up properly, you
can grow a garden in the middle of a desert or underneath a bustling city.

Hydroponics can also feed more mouths in less time and using less space.
As you are able to control ideal growth factors like light and moisture, you can grow a
greater quantity and variety of plants at a faster rate, and due to the vertical nature of
hydroponic setups, you can experience high yields in a small area.

Less Land Erosion

The quality of land can be left devastated after agricultural land farming. Hydroponics
can remove this consequence entirely, as farms can be set up in currently developed
areas.

Improved Quality and Health

Hydroponic farms have the ability to be widely dispersed in cities and barren areas,
giving communities better access to local fruits and vegetables. Without the need to
import products from distant countries, the produce is likely to be cheaper, fresher,
and exposed to less chemicals.
On a global scale, this can have wide-reaching effects on the health of communities.

To learn more visit www.reiziger.com

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15 Medicinal Herbs You Can Grow Hydroponically

Just because it’s natural doesn’t mean it’s not powerful!

These versatile herbs may help relieve and prevent common ailments such as colds
and flu, inflammation, indigestion, bug bites, headaches, insomnia, anxiety and
more.

In order to reap the benefits of herbs, you can boil them in a tea, make tinctures or
create a salve.

Improve your health and save money while you’re at it by growing these
medicinal herbs in your hydroponic garden using Reiziger.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)

The calming chamomile plant can be used for stress relief, tension, indigestion, colic
and to relieve skin inflammation and irritations.

Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea)

The perennial echinacea plant is said to be a powerful immune booster and is used
to combat symptoms of colds, flu, and infections.

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

The active phenol in thyme is thymol, known to be a potent antiseptic. It is useful for
coughs, sore throat, tooth decay, congestion and indigestion.

Wild Pansy (Viola tricolor)

Another anti-inflammatory herb, the wild tansy can be used to ease eczema and skin
blemishes and help loosen phlegm. It was also believed to help the heart, which is
why it is sometimes called heartsease.

Lavender

Simply the smell of lavender has been shown to help people relax. It can be used as
an antiseptic and is useful for skin inflammation, insomnia and anxiety.

St John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)

In the Middle Ages, St John’s Wort was considered a magical plant. These days, it’s
used to help with depression, anxiety, disorders and skin irritation like psoriasis.

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

Alfalfa is rich in minerals and healthy compounds, and contains a high amount of
protein. It has been used to treat morning sickness, nausea, kidney issues and
urinary tract discomfort. It also acts as a diuretic and a light stimulant.

Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

This staple spaghetti topper actually has a range of medicinal uses and can help with
a lack of appetite, excess gas and cuts.

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)

The leaves of the feverfew can be used in teas and chewed to relieve headaches. As
a natural anti-inflammatory, it is said to help with arthritis and a variety of skin
conditions.

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

Closely related to mint, lemon balm can help relieve insect bites, wounds, upset
stomach, insomnia, and even aids the healing of cold sores.

Marigold (Tagetes)

Marigold has a wide range of uses, including treating acne, sunburn, ulcers,
digestive problems, insect bites and more.

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Useful for so much more than plate decoration, parsley can treat bad breath, gas,
inflammation, and even has anti-cancer properties.

Peppermint (Mentha × Piperita)

Peppermint should be a go-to for any stomach issues. It has also been shown to
help with alertness and headaches.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Rosemary is one of the best herbs to improve concentration, memory and mood. It is
also great for wound healing, hair growth, and bad breath.

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

The name Sage is derived from a word that means “to heal” or “to save”, reflecting
its historical use as a medicinal herb. It is useful for a variety of ailments, including
mouth and throat inflammations, bloating, heartburn and depression.

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Hydroponic Gardening: 7 Common Mistakes

Hydroponics can be one of the most rewarding ways to garden, but if you rush into it you may find yourself frustrated with slow growing or diseased plants.

It’s important to take it slow and do your research before implementing your hydroponic setup, as one rookie mistake might take down your whole crop.

Here are 7 common oversights to avoid.

Skipping the study

Don’t take on this mission alone – there are so many resources available for the modern day hydroponic grower. This method is both an art and a science, and trusting your instincts may leave you with some sad looking plants and heading back to the drawing board.

Ignoring sanitation

Treat your hydroponic setup like your laboratory, and that means maintaining cleanliness. You may be used to getting your hands dirty in your garden, but poor sanitation can encourage pests and spread bacteria, pathogens and plant disease. Make sure you clean your tools and containers, dispose of plant waste properly, and keep the surrounding area dry.

Not investing in high quality nutrients

Hydroponic plants can experience astonishing growth in a short amount of time – but only if you fuel them correctly. When you’re growing plants without soil, it’s crucial you invest in high-quality, tried-and-tested nutritional formulas. Not all nutrient solutions are created equal, and you get what you pay for with cheap products.

Hydroponics take a little investment, so don’t skimp where it counts.

Insufficient ventilation

Many people leave ventilation as an afterthought, but don’t underestimate the importance of air flow for your plants. When it comes to warm and humid environments, there is a significant risk of mould growth. Adding a fan to your garden is a worthwhile investment, and if you’re growing indoors it’s recommended you use venting to circulate fresh air.

Incorrect lighting

The intensity, cycle, spectrum and placement of your lights need to be thoroughly thought through. Many hydroponic growers slip up with this step, and with so many options available on the market it’s easy to get confused.

If you’re growing your plants indoors, this will be one of your most important investments in order for your plants to experience vigorous growth. Some species will thrive in low light conditions, while others may need to spend most of their lives under a lamp. Again, it’s all about undertaking adequate research for each plants you plan to grow.

Remember that more is not always better. Plants require down time in the dark, just like you do. Unfortunately there is no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to hydroponics.

Harvesting too early

It might be tempting to sample your newly home-grown produce, but do this too early and certain plants will never reach their full potential. Patience may very well be one of the most important virtues a grower can learn.

Neglecting pH levels

If your solution is too alkaline or too acidic, your plants will have nutrient deficiencies, and this is the most common cause of plant death.

pH is the most valuable measurement you need to understand for your hydroponic setup, so invest in a high-quality pH meter and make sure you’re checking it daily. As all your plants may share a solution, it’s crucial you take quick action before your entire crop is in trouble.

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Best Plants to Start Your First Hydroponic Garden

Are you ready to take the plunge with your first hydroponic garden? Congratulations – with a little patience, research and labour, the rewards are endless.

The hydroponic method uses nutrient-rich water as opposed to soil, and is a wonderful option for growers working with limited space or who want to take more control over their yields.

Virtually any plant can be grown hydroponically, but certain species take to the soil-free life more easily than others. When starting your very first hydroponic garden, we suggest choosing plants that are high-reward, and what could be more rewarding than your own home-grown produce?

We have chosen 14 nutritious herbs, veggies and fruits that make perfect additions to your first hydroponic setup.

Herbs

Mint

Mint, one of the most refreshing and uplifting herbs, works well with hydroponic systems and tends to grow quickly.

Orange mint is a semi-aquatic plant, and peppermint loves water, making these ideal plants if you have limited experience with hydroponics.

Basil

Basil is one of the most popular hydroponic herbs. An easy way to get started is by transplanting basil seedlings from your local garden store. Make sure you have a good lighting setup – basil needs over 11 hours of light to thrive.

Chive

We recommend you start with transferring a chive plant to your hydroponic system. From there it takes 6-8 weeks to fully mature, and you can harvest it regularly.

Chive does require a lot of light however, around 12 – 14 hours.

Vegetables

Lettuce

Lettuce, the versatile sandwich-filler, is a perfect vegetable for beginning your hydroponic journey. They grow quickly with hydroponic systems, are easy to maintain and you can harvest the outer leaves as it grows to ensure a continual supply of fresh greens. Try the nutrient-dense Romaine.

Watercress

True to its name, watercress loves water and that makes it ideal for your first hydroponic setup. Watercress tends to wilt quickly, meaning yours will have a better crunch compared to the watercress you buy at the grocery store. You can’t beat that home-harvested produce!

Kale

Abundant in vitamins, minerals and fibre, we recommend adding Kale to your diet as well as your first hydroponic garden. While the health benefits are vast, store-bought kale can be laden with pesticides and is often harder to find than other leafy vegetables. The good news is, Kale can thrive in a hydroponic setup.

Cucumber

Given enough light and warmth, cucumbers can grow rapidly with high yields, making a very satisfying plant to grow in your first hydroponic garden.

Spinach

This iron-rich vegetable requires little light to grow, and will be a useful addition to your kitchen. You can harvest as you go, and get up to 12 weeks of ongoing harvesting under the right conditions.

Radish

Radishes are one of the easiest veggies to grow in soil or hydroponically. They don’t require lights and thrive at cool temperatures – plus you can often see your seedlings within 3 – 7 days.

Beans

Beans are one of the most low maintenance veggies to grow in your first hydroponic garden. Germination takes around 3 – 8 days, and you can begin your harvest after 6 – 8 weeks.

Fruit

Strawberries

Fresh, delicious strawberries at your fingertips all year long … who wouldn’t want that? Strawberries are a very popular choices for hydroponic growers and make a tasty and colourful addition to your garden. For beginners, we suggest starting off with runners and placing them in the fridge for a few months before you begin. The cold will give your plants a kick-start and allow for flowers to emerge quickly after planting.

Blueberries

Blueberries are one of the most antioxidant-rich fruits you can find. They are notoriously expensive when buying them at a grocery store, so all the more reason to grow them hydroponically. They take a lot longer to fruit than strawberries, but as they favour highly acidic soil, they grow well under hydroponic conditions where you can control the ph content.

Peppers

Yes, they are technically fruit! Peppers (or capsicums to our Australian friends) grow well in hydroponic conditions and prefer warm temperatures and loads of light, so prepare to invest in lamps if they won’t have access to a lot of natural sunlight. Try your hand at jalapenos or bell peppers.

Tomatoes

You can get incredible tomato yields with hydroponics, and this is why they are so popular with commercial and hobby growers.  Just like peppers, they require a lot of light.

There you have it – 14 herbs, veggies and fruits to start your very first hydroponic setup. If you’re new to this artful science, we suggest starting simple with plants that are known to thrive this way.

We hope that watching your plants flourish quickly will inspire you to explore a lifelong relationship with hydroponics, and encourage you to try your hand with more complex plants and foods. The returns are truly endless!

 

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What is a Growing Medium?

Hydroponic gardening is gardening without soil, and that means to grow your crops you need a good replacement medium. But what exactly is a growing medium?

A growing medium, also known as a substrate or potting mix, is a material other than soil that is used to grow plants in. Plants require a medium that can hold their roots in order to grow, but can grow in anything really, as long as there is water, sufficient nutrients and oxygen available.

In soilless culture or hydroponics, soil is replicated by the use of a growing medium. Since the introduction of soilless culture, many types of growing media have been tried. Some have proven to be successful, others have not. Let’s take a closer look at some of the different types.

Peat moss

Peat is made from an accumulation of partially decayed plant remains or organic matter. There are several different qualities available on the market from partially decomposed to highly decomposed with large variations in particle size. Our peat mix has been formulated as a superior base for fruiting and flowering plants grown in containers, pots or beds.

Stone wool

Stone wool is made from melted basalt and limestone that is spun and solidified as fibres. It can be supplied in the form of slabs, plant blocks, plugs, or granules. In general, after complete saturation, stone wool slabs are very wet. Most of the water can be extracted with low moisture tensions, but when a stone wool slab is dried out completely it is difficult to rewet it. Stone wool granules are mostly applied as components of potting soil mixtures.

Sand

Sand is very heavy as a medium and has a very limited water buffer and often low air content; this is because sand contains few big pores. Therefore, as growing medium, coarse sand is preferred. Would would suggest against growing oxygen-sensitive crops with this medium.

Lava

When lava solidifies into solid rock it can be dug up, broken and sieved for use as a growing medium. Because of its small water buffer, water irrigation must be frequent. Lava is suitable for use in thin substrate layers. It’s a heavy product with a moderate amount of pores, and due to its granular form it is airy, but retains little water.

Pumice

Pumice is another volcanic product. This material has a porous structure, and of all the volcanic rocks, pumice has the lowest bulk density. Some sources contain clay particles so that the air content is low and blockages may occur for proper drainage. It’s a very durable medium and can be applied for several years.

Perlite

This glass-like volcanic rock can be found in all various places worldwide. For use, it is ground, sieved and then roasted at 10,000˚C. Perlite is used often in potting soil mixtures and increasingly as a growing medium. It’s very porous, light, and can hold lots of water and air. It has no buffering capacity for nutrients.

Polyurethane

Polyurethane is produced from mineral oil products and is often used in the furniture industry and in mattresses. The cutting remnants are made applicable for substrate growing after they are ground to granules. Polyurethane contains much air and little water, so water supply should be frequent. It’s flexible, has a low EC and no pH buffer, and lasts at least 10 years.

Phenol resin

Phenol resin foam is made by foaming up mineral oil products. A well known form is flower sticking foam. This product can be produced as a slab, or as granules, which are often used in orchid and anthurium crops. The foam retains water but in its granular form it contains more air because of the cavities between the granules.

Coir

Coir is a waste product derived from coconuts and consists of coir dust, coir chips and coir fibre. Its bark contains fibres and dust. Coir fibres contain oxygen with a low water holding capacity; coir dust absorbs water but retains adequate oxygen. The products are not inert, which means they react to fertilisers and have a high buffering capacity for nutrient elements. Our coco coir pith will help plants absorb 50% more nutrients than ordinary coco peat to grow plants twice the size and protect against over and under fertilising.

Expanded clay

This medium is created by baking specific types of dry clay until they expand. In the process, various granule sizes are produced, as well as broken clay granules. Expanded clay granules have a low weight and a porous structure, containing a large amount of air and little water, they are strong and can be washed and reused. Our expanded clay products provide optimal aeration and drainage, as well as vigorous root growth.

For more help or information about our products, contact us on 1800 Reiziger.

 

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